バクテリアとは? わかりやすく解説

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バクテリア【bacteria】

読み方:ばくてりあ

原核生物」に同じ。また特に、細菌のこと。

「バクテリア」に似た言葉

バクテリア

Bacteria

細菌』のこと。なお単数形Bacteriumである。

《参照》 細菌


バクテリア(ばくてりあ)


細菌

(バクテリア から転送)

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2022/12/11 17:03 UTC 版)

細菌(さいきん、真正細菌ラテン語: bacterium、複数形 bacteria、バクテリア)とは、古細菌真核生物とともに全生物界を三分する、生物の主要な系統(ドメイン)の一つである。語源はギリシャ語の「小さな杖」(βακτήριον)に由来する[1]。細菌は大腸菌枯草菌、藍色細菌(シアノバクテリア)など様々な系統を含む生物群である。通常1-10 µmほどの微生物であり、球菌桿菌、螺旋菌など様々な形状が知られている。真核生物と比較した場合、非常に単純な構造を持つ一方で、はるかに多様な代謝系や栄養要求性を示す。細菌を研究する科学分野は微生物学(または細菌学)と呼ばれる。


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バクテリア

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2017/10/03 08:28 UTC 版)

Plague inc.」の記事における「バクテリア」の解説

最初から選択可能なタイプゲームの基本知るのには最適の病原体で、変なクセもなく扱いやすい固有能力である「バクテリア抵抗力」は、温暖寒冷両方気候対応できるように耐性持たせることができる。

※この「バクテリア」の解説は、「Plague inc.」の解説の一部です。
「バクテリア」を含む「Plague inc.」の記事については、「Plague inc.」の概要を参照ください。


バクテリア

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2021/11/30 18:51 UTC 版)

Plague Inc.」の記事における「バクテリア」の解説

最初から選択可能なタイプ固有能力である「バクテリア抵抗力」は、温暖寒冷両方気候対応できるように耐性持たせることができる。

※この「バクテリア」の解説は、「Plague Inc.」の解説の一部です。
「バクテリア」を含む「Plague Inc.」の記事については、「Plague Inc.」の概要を参照ください。


バクテリア

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2022/03/21 10:17 UTC 版)

ジーンダイバー」の記事における「バクテリア」の解説

5億8000万年前先カンブリア紀オーストラリア生息。虎哲の解説のみで描写無かった

※この「バクテリア」の解説は、「ジーンダイバー」の解説の一部です。
「バクテリア」を含む「ジーンダイバー」の記事については、「ジーンダイバー」の概要を参照ください。


バクテリア

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2022/03/01 15:41 UTC 版)

プロテアーゼ」の記事における「バクテリア」の解説

バクテリア (bacteria細菌)は、タンパク質ペプチド結合加水分解するためにプロテアーゼ分泌しタンパク質構成アミノ酸分解するタンパク質リサイクルの中で地球規模炭素窒素の循環にとって細菌真菌プロテアーゼは特に重要でそのような活性これらの生物栄養シグナルによって制御される傾向がある土壌中に存在する何千もの種の間でプロテアーゼ活性栄養制御による正味の影響は、タンパク質炭素窒素、または硫黄制限に応じて分解されるように、全体的な微生物レベル観察することができる。 細菌には、変性タンパク質 (折りたたまれないまたは過って折りたたまれたタンパク質) を分解することにより、一般的なタンパク質品質調整関与するプロテアーゼ (たとえばAAA+プロテアソーム) が含まれている。 分泌され細菌性プロテアーゼまた、外毒素として作用する可能性があり、細菌性病因英語版)の病原因子 (たとえば黄色ブドウ球菌外毒素) の一例となりうる。細菌性外毒素プロテアーゼは、細胞外構造破壊する納豆菌は、フィブリン (血栓主成分) を溶解するナットウキナーゼ含有する

※この「バクテリア」の解説は、「プロテアーゼ」の解説の一部です。
「バクテリア」を含む「プロテアーゼ」の記事については、「プロテアーゼ」の概要を参照ください。

ウィキペディア小見出し辞書の「バクテリア」の項目はプログラムで機械的に意味や本文を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。ご了承くださいませ。 お問い合わせ

「バクテリア」の例文・使い方・用例・文例

Weblio日本語例文用例辞書はプログラムで機械的に例文を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。ご了承くださいませ。



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Weblio辞書に掲載されている「ウィキペディア小見出し辞書」の記事は、WikipediaのPlague inc. (改訂履歴)、Plague Inc. (改訂履歴)、ジーンダイバー (改訂履歴)、プロテアーゼ (改訂履歴)の記事を複製、再配布したものにあたり、GNU Free Documentation Licenseというライセンスの下で提供されています。
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