土壌とは?

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ど じょう -じやう [0] 【土壌】

地殻最上層にある自然物で、岩石風化物に生物遺体やその分解物などの有機物が混じって生成したもの。つち。
事物生成発展する基盤のたとえ。


土壌 (どじょう)

 地殻の最表層動植物とその遺体、土壌物質土質工学いうところの「土」)から気候および地形などの要因総合的作用として歴史的形成された自然体を指す。一定の地理広がり持ち緑色植物生育させる能力、すなわち肥沃度を持つ点で、土壌はその母材となる岩石地層本質的異なる。

土壌

読み方どじょう
【英】:soil

地殻表面岩石分解によって生じた無機物地表堆積したもの多く種々の程度腐敗分解した動埴物を含む。粒子大きさにより礫、砂、粘土分類される。

土壌

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2019/03/21 13:54 UTC 版)

土壌(どじょう)とは、地球上の陸地の表面を覆っている鉱物有機物気体液体生物混合物である。一般には(つち)とも呼ばれる。地球の土壌は土壌圏 (en)を構成し、4つの重要な機能を持って生命を支えている。




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土壌

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