脳膜炎とは?

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髄膜炎

(脳膜炎 から転送)

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2017/09/06 14:07 UTC 版)

髄膜炎(ずいまくえん)とは、髄膜および脊髄を覆う保護膜)に炎症が生じた状態である[1]脳膜炎脳脊髄膜炎ともいう。炎症はウイルス細菌をはじめとする微生物感染に起因し、薬品が原因となることもある[2]。髄膜炎は炎症部位と脳や脊髄との近接度合いによっては生命の危険があるため、救急疾患に分類される[1][3]


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  64. ^ Brouwer MC, McIntyre P, de Gans J, Prasad K, van de Beek D (2010). Van De Beek, Diederik. ed. “Corticosteroids for acute bacterial meningitis”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9): CD004405. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004405.pub3. PMID 20824838. CD004405. 
  65. ^ 所見からせまる脳MRI ISBN 9784879623737
  66. ^ 上原すゞ子: 欧米におけるインフルエンザ菌b型(Hib)感染症の激減とHibワクチン. 日小児会誌 100: 1693-1696, 1996.







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