2014年ウクライナ騒乱とは?

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2014年ウクライナ騒乱

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2018/06/17 14:24 UTC 版)

2014年ウクライナ騒乱(2014ねんウクライナそうらん)(ウクライナ語: Революція гідності, ユーロマイダン騒乱威厳革命(Revolution of Dignity)とも)は、2014年2月にウクライナ(主に首都キエフ)で発生した一連の抗議活動である。これをきっかけにヴィクトル・ヤヌコーヴィチ大統領がロシアに逃亡している[34]。多くのメディアや書籍などはヤヌコーヴィチ大統領に対するロシア政府の支援が腐敗に繋がったと指摘している[35][36][37]


  1. ^ ルハーンシク州知事のヴァレリー・ホレンコはこう述べた:我々はウクライナ連邦とすることが人々の安全面では確実性が高いと思っている。誰がどのように生きるべきか、どのように祖国を好きであるべきか、あるいは我々がどんな政治的利益を出し、それを守るのか。我々に教えられることは無い[172][173]
  2. ^ 地域党に所属していたのはアンドレイ・デルカッチ、ヴォロディミール・ズバイク、フリーホーリー・スミチウケ、ヴォロディミール・プロディブス、ヴォロディミール・ストルク、マイコラ・ソロカ、ヴィクトア・ボンダー英語版、ヴィクトア・チクホノフで、無所属議員はオレクサンドル・タバロフ、アンドリー・タバロフである[180]
  3. ^ 2014年2月4日、野党は拘束された抗議者全員のための無条件恩赦とヴェルホーヴナ・ラダにおける2004年の改憲復帰に失敗している[要出典]
  4. ^ クリミアセヴァストポリの帰属元はウクライナかロシアなのかは今も論争中である。多くの国やウクライナはクリミアをウクライナの自治共和国、セヴァストポリをウクライナにおける特別市と見なしているのに対して、ロシアはクリミアをロシア連邦特別市、セヴァストポリを唯一の連邦共和国と見なしている[292]。いずれも現時点ではロシアの支配下にある[293][294]
  5. ^ 恩赦法は2013年12月27日から2014年2月2日の間に犯罪を犯したユーロマイダンの抗議者に対する罰則を免除するといった内容で、2014年2月17日に施行されている[82]
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  307. ^ "Ukraine's parliament-appointed acting president says language law to stay effective". ITAR-TASS. 1 March 2014. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. 
  308. ^ Mark Mackinnon (23 February 2014). "Globe in Ukraine: Upheaval widens fractures between east and west". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. 24 February 2014閲覧. 
  309. ^ "Ukraine conflict: 'Raw anger' in divided Kharkiv". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. 24 February 2014閲覧. 
  310. ^ "Пам'ятник Леніну у Харкові демонтують у вівторок | УКРІНФОРМ". Ukrinform.ua. 21 August 2013. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. 24 February 2014閲覧. 
  311. ^ "Oplot leader faces criminal charges". Interfax-Ukraine. 24 February 2014. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. 
  312. ^ Елена Захаренкова. На площади Свободы – митинг "патриотичных харьковчан" . Objectiv.tv (ロシア語). Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. 12 March 2014閲覧. 
  313. ^ "В Донецке пророссийские активисты штурмовали обладминистрацию". Zerkalo Nedeli. 7 March 2014. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. 12 March 2014閲覧. 
  314. ^ Andrew Roth (3 March 2014). "From Russia, 'Tourists' Stir the Protests". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. 
  315. ^ "Why Ukraine is dialing back its military offensive in anarchic east (+video)". 29 April 2014. 30 April 2014閲覧. 
  316. ^ Babiak, Mat (19 April 2014). "Southeast Statistics". Kyiv International Institute of Sociology; Ukrainian Policy. Kiev. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. 20 April 2014閲覧. 
  317. ^ "Ousted Ukrainian President Asked For Russian Troops, Envoy Says". NBC News. Reuters. 3 March 2014. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. 21 March 2014閲覧. 
  318. ^ Radyuhin, Vladimir (1 March 2014). "Russian Parliament approves use of army in Ukraine". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014. 
  319. ^ Walker, Shaun (4 March 2014). "Russian takeover of Crimea will not descend into war, says Vladimir Putin". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. 4 March 2014閲覧. 
  320. ^ Yoon, Sangwon; Krasnolutska, Daryna; Choursina, Kateryna (4 March 2014). "Russia Stays in Ukraine as Putin Channels Yanukovych Request". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. 5 March 2014閲覧. 
  321. ^ "Ukraine: Russia Angry as Another Soviet Hero Statue Toppled". International Business Times. 25 February 2014.
  322. ^ "Ukrainian city demolishes monument to Russian general who beat Napoleon". 25 February 2014.
  323. ^ a b "First the president, now Lenin: Stunning map reveals 100 statues of Soviet leader have been toppled in Ukraine". Daily Mail. 25 February 2014. Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. 25 May 2014閲覧. 
  324. ^ "Right-wing opposition pulls down monument to Lenin in Ukraine's Zhitomir". ITAR-TASS. 21 February 2014. 2018-05-11閲覧. 
  325. ^ Во Львовской области демонтировали памятник советскому солдату (фото) [In the Lviv region the monument to Soviet soldier got dismantled (Photo)]. segodnya.ua (ロシア語). 23 February 2014. Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. 22 April 2014閲覧. 
  326. ^ Демонтували пам'ятник "Солдату" (фото, відео) [Soviet soldier monument got dismantled (Photo, video)]. Stryi.com.ua (ウクライナ語). 15 May 2014. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. 19 May 2014閲覧. 
  327. ^ "В Киеве "евромайданщики" осквернили братскую могилу рабочих "Арсенала" (фото) | Новости Одессы". Dumskaya.net. 9 December 2013. 19 May 2014閲覧. 
  328. ^ "В Днепропетровске осквернили памятники Славы, афганцам и генералу Пушкину". Komsomolskaya Pravda. 28 February 2014. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. 19 May 2014閲覧. 
  329. ^ "Another Russophobic vandalism act took place in Lvov Region: monument to Russian army commander Kutuzov was pulled down. Stop this outrage". Twitter. 25 February 2014. 25 February 2014閲覧. 
  330. ^ "Ukraine protests 'spread' into Russia-influenced east". BBC News. 26 January 2014. Archived from the original on 27 January 2014. 
  331. ^ "Ukraine agrees to 50% gas price hike amid IMF talks". BBC News. 26 March 2014. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. 26 March 2014閲覧. 
  332. ^ "Dynamo to play Valencia in Cyprus". UEFA. 19 February 2014. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. 
  333. ^ "Soccer-Dynamo Kiev game against Valencia moved to Cyprus". Yahoo!. Reuters. 19 February 2014. 19 February 2014閲覧. 
  334. ^ "Officially. Match "Dynamo" – "Valencia" will be held in Cyprus". Ukrayinska Pravda. Champion. 19 February 2014. 
  335. ^ "Dnipro, Spurs honor Ukraine protests victims". Boston Herald. 20 February 2014. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. 
  336. ^ "Viktoria vs Shakhtar: full house, player kit, respect". FC Shakhtar Donetsk. 20 February 2014. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. 
  337. ^ "Europa League: Valencia claim 2–0 win over Dynamo Kyiv in Cyprus". Sky Sports. 20 February 2014. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. 
  338. ^ "Частину матчів Чемпіонату України "Суперліга" перенесено". Superleague.ua. 25 February 2014. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. 12 March 2014閲覧. 
  339. ^ "The basketball championship of Ukraine suspended". Rupaper.com. 25 February 2014. Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. 12 March 2014閲覧. 
  340. ^ "Початок весняної частини змагань перенесено". Fpl.ua. Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. 12 March 2014閲覧. 
  341. ^ Nate Scott, USA TODAY Sports (3 March 2014). "USA-Ukraine soccer friendly moved to Cyprus". USA Today. 23 October 2014閲覧. 
  342. ^ Донбасс прибыл в БратиславуHCDonbass.com(2014年3月16日)2014年3月29日閲覧(ロシア語)。
  343. ^ About condemnation of the violence that led to the deaths of peaceful citizens of Ukraineヴェルホーヴナ・ラダ(2014年2月20日)。
  344. ^ About condemning violence in Ukraine, which led to loss of lifeヴェルホーヴナ・ラダ(2014年2月21日)
  345. ^ a b c EuroMaidan rallies in Ukraine (Feb. 18–19 night live updates)キエフ・ポスト(2014年2月19日)。
  346. ^ Лукаш обвинила оппозицию в срыве договоренностей с властьюSegodnya.ua(2014年2月21日)。
  347. ^ Колесніченко каже, що смерті на Майдані - на совісті МеркельUkrayinska Pravda(ウクライナ語、2014年2月19日)。
  348. ^ Inna Bohoslovska on hromadskeYoutube. Hromadske TV(2014年2月18日)
  349. ^ At the corner of Shovkovnycha and Instytutska rioters used firearms in the direction of law enforcement officersMVS(2014年2月18日)
  350. ^ Tymoshenko requests to stop talks with YanukovychUkrayinska Pravda、2014年2月20日閲覧。
  351. ^ Kyiv's Euromaidan is a Liberationist and not Extremist Mass Action of Civic Disobedience(Change.org)著者Umland, Andreas
  352. ^ Crimean lawmakers urge Yanukovych to take extraordinary measures to settle crisisキエフ・ポスト(2014年2月18日)2014年2月18日閲覧。
  353. ^ Новостной портал | Украинская правдаUkrayinska Pravda(ロシア語)http://ukrpravda.ua/news/luganskie-deputaty-prizvali-vvesti-chrezvychaynoe-polozhenie のアーカイブ(2014年2月24日)。2014年2月21日閲覧。
  354. ^ Я – тоже украинец. Это сейчас самое высокое в мире звание, – российский журналист цитирует Джемилева на ЕвромайданеCensor.net.ua(ロシア語)http://censor.net.ua/news/271314/ya_toje_ukrainets_eto_seyichas_samoe_vysokoe_v_mire_zvanie_rossiyiskiyi_jurnalist_tsitiruet_djemileva のアーカイブ(2014年12月1日)。2014年2月19日閲覧。
  355. ^ Ukraine Violence 'Unacceptable,' U.N. Chief Ban Ki-Moon SaysNBCニュース(2014年2月19日、James Novogrod)
  356. ^ a b Ukraine: Alarmed West calls for restraint and dialogueユーロニュース(2014年2月19日)
  357. ^ Statement by President Barroso on UkrainePress Releases Database(European Commission)2014年2月19日閲覧。
  358. ^ Secretary General Jagland: Ukrainian parliament should now have serious debate on how to end crisisNewsroom(欧州評議会)http://hub.coe.int/en/web/coe-portal/press/newsroom?p_p_id=newsroom&_newsroom_articleId=1757174&_newsroom_groupId=10226&_newsroom_tabs=newsroom-topnews&pager.offset=0 のアーカイブ(2014年2月19日)。2014年2月19日閲覧。
  359. ^ Ukraine: Swiss OSCE Chair offers measures to end violence and resume political route out of crisis欧州安全保障協力機構、2014年2月19日閲覧。
  360. ^ Auswärtiges Amt – Information Service – Joint declaration by the Foreign Ministers of Poland, Germany and France on the situation in UkraineAuswaertiges-amt.de(2014年2月28日)2014年3月12日閲覧。
  361. ^ Armenia hopes for Ukraine peace after deadly clashes in Kievアルメニア・ナウ(2014年2月20日)2014年2月20日閲覧。
  362. ^ Australia condemns violence in UkraineAustralian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade(2014年2月19日)2014年2月24日閲覧。
  363. ^ Canada Appalled by Renewed Violence in UkraineForeign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada、2014年2月20日閲覧。
  364. ^ Canada to Provide More Medical Supplies to UkrainiansForeign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada、2014年2月20日閲覧。
  365. ^ Comunicado del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores sobre la situación en UcraniaMinistry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia(2014年2月20日)2014年2月20日閲覧。
  366. ^ Minister Zaorálek to Ukrainian Ambassador: Unacceptable treatment of protestorsMinistry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic(2014年2月19日)2014年2月19日閲覧。
  367. ^ Foreign Minister Urmas Paet: violence in Ukraine is unacceptableEstonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs、2014年2月20日閲覧。http://www.vm.ee/?q=en/node/19217 のアーカイブ(2014年2月20日)。
  368. ^ Statement by Foreign Minister Tuomioja on the situation in Ukraineフィンランド外務省、2014年2月19日閲覧。
  369. ^ Georgian MFA 'Strongly Condemns' Violence in KievCivilGeorgia(2014年2月19日)2014年2月20日閲覧。
  370. ^ Margvelashvili on Ukraine Violence: 'No Govt Can Get Away with Use of Arms Against Own People'CivilGeorgia(2014年2月20日)2014年2月20日閲覧。
  371. ^ Kiev protests are sign Ukraine has turned to EU, says Georgia ministerガーディアン(2014年2月27日)
  372. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary urges peaceful solution to the Ukrainian crisisハンガリー外務省、2014年2月20日閲覧。http://www.kormany.hu/en/ministry-of-foreign-affairs/news/ministry-of-foreign-affairs-of-hungary-urges-peaceful-solution-to-the-ukrainian-crisis のアーカイブ(2014年2月21日)。
  373. ^ Israel Breaks Silence on Ukraine: We Hope Conflict is Resolved PeacefullyYnetnews(2014年3月6日)2014年3月6日閲覧。
  374. ^ Ukraine: Bonino urges decisive but gradual EU action, long crisis aheadイタリア外務省、2014年2月20日閲覧。
  375. ^ Foreign Minister at UN raises the issue of situation in UkraineMinistry of Foreign Affairs、2014年2月20日閲覧。
  376. ^ MFA Statement on situation in Ukraineリトアニア外務省、2014年2月20日閲覧。
  377. ^ Jyllands-Posten: w reakcji Polski na sytuację na Ukrainie widać stanowczość i decyzyjność, 21 lutego 2014MSZ w Mediach(著者Michael Kuttner)2014年2月24日閲覧。(ポーランド語)
  378. ^ TB, on the situation in Ukraineルーマニアテレビ(ルーマニア語)2014年2月21日閲覧。
  379. ^ VP is making an appeal to peace on behalf of Romaniadigi24.ro、2014年2月21日閲覧。
  380. ^ Росія вважає Захід винним в ескалації конфлікту в УкраїніTheinsider.ua(2014年2月19日)2014年2月19日閲覧。
  381. ^ Кремль оценивает события на Украине как попытку госпереворотаIzvestia、2014年2月21日閲覧(ロシア語)
  382. ^ Boris N. Mamlyuk(2015年7月6日)The Ukraine Crisis, Cold War II, and International Law. The German Law Journal.SSRN:2627417
  383. ^ "Vladimir Putin faces tough challenge as Ukraine turmoil unravels Russian designs". The Financial Express. 25 February 2014.
  384. ^ Russia is concerned about the fate of "Inter" and Russian channels in UkraineUkrayinska Pravda (2014年2月25日、ウクライナ語)
  385. ^ Widening rifts over UkraineBBCニュース(2014年2月19日)
  386. ^ Turkey calls for Stabilization of Situation in UkraineIndo-Asian News Service(news.biharprabha.com)2014年2月20日閲覧。
  387. ^ U.K. Foreign Secretary Says Britain Working With New Ukraine GovernmentWall Street Journal(著者Nicholas Winning)2014年2月24日
  388. ^ Obama: 'Consequences if Ukraine violence continues'BBCニュース(2014年2月19日)
  389. ^ Obama warns Ukraine of consequences if violence continuesロイター通信(2014年2月19日)
  390. ^ US imposes visa ban on 20 Ukrainians over Euromaidan riotsnews.biharprabha.com、2014年2月20日閲覧。
  391. ^ Ukraine crisis: Obama attacks Putin over Russia's roleガーディアン(2014年2月20日)


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