グラマースクールとは?

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グラマースクール

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2018/09/22 08:04 UTC 版)

グラマースクール: grammar school)は、イギリスなどの英語を話す国の教育史における数個の異なった学校の一つである。現在この学校は中等教育を形成している。文法学校(ぶんぽうがっこう)ともいう。




  1. ^ W.H. Hadow (ed.) (1926). The Education of the Adolescent. London: HM Stationery Office. http://www.dg.dial.pipex.com/documents/hadow/26.shtml. 
  2. ^ Peter Gordon; Denis Lawton (2003). Dictionary of British Education. London: Woburn Press. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Will Spens (ed.) (1938). Secondary education with special reference to grammar schools and technical high schools. London: HM Stationery Office. http://www.dg.dial.pipex.com/documents/docs2/spens.shtml. 
  4. ^ Rev. T.A. Walker (1907–21). “Chapter XV. English and Scottish Education. Universities and Public Schools to the Time of Colet”. In A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller (eds). Volume II: English. The End of the Middle Ages. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes. http://www.bartleby.com/212/. 
  5. ^ J. F. A. Mason, The Borough of Bridgnorth 1157-1957 (Bridgnorth, 1957), 12, 36
  6. ^ a b c d e f Geoffrey Walford (1993). “Girls' Private Schooling: Past and Present”. In Geoffrey Walford (ed.). The Private Schooling of Girls: Past and Present. London: The Woburn Press. pp. 9–32. 
  7. ^ Educating Shakespeare: School Life in Elizabethan England”. The Guild School Association, Stratford-upon-Avon (2003年). 2008年10月1日閲覧。
  8. ^ Samuel Johnson (1755). A Dictionary of the English Language. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Gillian Sutherland (1990). “Education”. In F. M. L. Thompson. Social Agencies and Institutions. The Cambridge Social History of Britain 1750–1950. vol. 3. pp. 119–169. 
  10. ^ Robert Anderson (2003). “The History of Scottish Education, pre-1980”. In T. G. K. Bryce, Walter M. Humes (eds). Scottish Education: Post-Devolution. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 219–228. ISBN 0748609806. 
  11. ^ J.H.D. Matthews; Vincent Thompson Jr (1897). “A Short Account of the Free Grammar School at Leeds”. The Register of Leeds Grammar School 1820-1896. Leeds: Laycock and Sons. http://uk.geocities.com/lgshistories/MatthewsHistory.html. 
  12. ^ J.W. Adamson (1907–21). “Chapter XIV. Education”. In A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller (eds). Volume XIV. The Victorian Age, Part Two. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes. http://www.bartleby.com/224/. 
  13. ^ Anthony Sampson (1971). The New Anatomy of Britain. London: Hodder & Stoughton. 
  14. ^ Paul Bolton (2009-01-02) (pdf), Grammar school statistics, House of Commons Library, http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/briefings/snsg-01398.pdf 2009年1月26日閲覧。 
  15. ^ The story of the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE), Qualifications and Curriculum Authority.
  16. ^ Jörn-Steffen Pischke; Alan Manning (2006年4月). Comprehensive versus Selective Schooling in England in Wales: What Do We Know?. Working Paper No. 12176, National Bureau of Economic Research. http://www.nber.org/papers/w12176 2008年3月19日閲覧。. 
  17. ^ Ian Schagen; Sandy Schagen (2001年11月) (PDF). The impact of the structure of secondary education in Slough. National Foundation for Educational Research. http://www.nfer.ac.uk/publications/other-publications/downloadable-reports/pdf_docs/slsfinalreport.pdf 2008年3月20日閲覧。. 
  18. ^ "Direct Grant Schools". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 22 March 1978. col. 582W–586W. 
  19. ^ new Labour because Britain deserves better, Labour Party manifesto, 1997.
  20. ^ The Education (Grammar School Designation) Order 1998, Statutory Instrument 1998 No. 2219, UK Parliament.
  21. ^ The Education (Grammar School Designation) (Amendment) Order 1999, Statutory Instrument 1999 No. 2456, UK Parliament.
  22. ^ The Education (Grammar School Ballots) Regulations 1998, Statutory Instrument 1998 No. 2876, UK Parliament.
  23. ^ A guide to petitions and ballots about grammar school admissions”. Department for Education and Schools (2000年). 2008年10月1日閲覧。
  24. ^ Judith Judd (2000年3月28日). “Campaign against 11-plus is faltering”. The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/education-news/campaign-against-11plus-is-faltering-697931.html 
  25. ^ Grammar school ballots”. teachernet. 2008年10月1日閲覧。
  26. ^ Select Committee on Education and Skills Fourth Report”. UK Parliament (2004年7月14日). 2008年10月1日閲覧。
  27. ^ House of Commons Hansard, 16 July 2007: Columns 104W-107W, UK Parliament Publications & Records.
  28. ^ Admissions to secondary school 2009 booklet”. Kent County Council. p. page 4 (2009年). 2009年5月31日閲覧。
  29. ^ Admission to secondary school”. Medway Council. pp. pp12-13 (2009年). 2009年5月31日閲覧。
  30. ^ David Jesson (2000年) (PDF). The Comparative Evaluation of GCSE Value-Added Performance by Type of School and LEA. Discussion Papers in Economics 2000/52, Centre for Performance Evaluation and Resource Management, University of York. http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/econ/documents/dp/0052.pdf 2008年3月19日閲覧。. 
  31. ^ Ian Schagen and Sandie Schagen (2001-10-19). “The impact of selection on pupil performance” (PDF). Council of Members Meeting. National Foundation for Educational Research. http://www.nfer.ac.uk/publications/other-publications/conference-papers/pdf_docs/schagen01.PDF 
  32. ^ Sian Griffiths (2007年11月18日). “Grammars show they can compete with best”. The Sunday Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/education/article2889322.ece 
  33. ^ Richard Garner (2001年12月1日). “Anger over Labour's grammar school deal”. The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/education-news/anger-over-labours-grammar-school-deal-619464.html 
  34. ^ Clyde Chitty (2002年11月16日). The Right to a Comprehensive Education. Second Caroline Benn Memorial Lecture. http://www.socialisteducation.org.uk/CB2.htm. 
  35. ^ Liz Lightfoot (2007年5月17日). “Tories turn against grammar schools”. The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1551687/Tories-turn-against-grammar-schools.html 
  36. ^ Eric Maurin; Sandra McNally (2007年8月) (PDF). Educational Effects of Widening Access to the Academic Track: A Natural Experiment. Centre for the Economics of Education, London School of Economics, Discussion Paper 85. http://cee.lse.ac.uk/cee%20dps/ceedp85.pdf 2008年4月4日閲覧。. 
  37. ^ Caitríona Ruane (2008年1月31日). “Education Minister's Statement for the Stormont Education Committee (PDF)”. 2008年4月4日閲覧。
  38. ^ “Minister Ruane outlines education reforms” (プレスリリース), Department of Education, Northern Ireland, (2007年12月4日), http://www.northernireland.gov.uk/news/news-de/news-de-041207-minister-ruane-outlines.htm 
  39. ^ Lisa Smith (2007年12月17日). “'Test' schools accept D grade pupils”. Belfast Telegraph. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/education/article3258563.ece 
  40. ^ William Allen (2008年3月17日). “Top grammar plans own '11-plus'”. Belfast Telegraph. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/article3532649.ece 
  41. ^ David McCallum (1990). The Social Production of Merit: Education, Psychology, and Politics in Australia, 1900–1950. Routledge. ISBN 9781850008590. 
  42. ^ Grammar Schools Regulation 2004, Queensland parliament.
  43. ^ Marjorie R. Theobald (1996). Knowing Women: Origins of Women's Education in Nineteenth-century Australia. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521420044. 
  44. ^ Bandon Grammar School: mission and ethos”. 2007年2月13日閲覧。 “Bandon Grammar School is a co-educational, boarding and day school founded in 1641, with an historic and valued association with the Church of Ireland.”
  45. ^ Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in Ireland: Drogheda Grammar School” (2006年). 2007年2月13日閲覧。 “This year sees the 50th anniversary of Quaker involvement with Drogheda Grammar School. At the time a Quaker committee took over the running of the school...”
  46. ^ Sligo Grammar School: the school”. 2007年2月13日閲覧。 “The school is one of a small number of schools in the Republic of Ireland under Church of Ireland management”
  47. ^ Ashton School: history”. 2007年2月13日閲覧。 “Ashton School, as a comprehensive school, was founded in September 1972 when Rochelle School and Cork Grammar School merged on the Grammar School site.”
  48. ^ History of Boston Latin School”. 2008年9月13日閲覧。
  49. ^ “Boston Latin School”. Britannica Online Encyclopaedia. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/74909/Boston-Latin-School 2008年9月13日閲覧。. 
  50. ^ Paula S. Fass, ed (2003). “Grammar School”. Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society. New York: Macmillan Reference Books. http://www.faqs.org/childhood/Fa-Gr/Grammar-School.html 2008年9月13日閲覧。. 
  51. ^ See definitions of grammar school in most U.S. dictionaries.




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