出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』 (2019/09/16 03:53 UTC 版)
- ^ “アーカイブされたコピー”. 2002年12月6日時点のオリジナル[リンク切れ]よりアーカイブ。2002年12月6日閲覧。 : According to UC Berkeley linguist George L. Hart, [to] qualify as a classical tradition, a language must fit several criteria: it should be ancient, it should be an independent tradition that arose mostly on its own not as an offshoot of another tradition, and it must have a large and extremely rich body of ancient literature.
- ^ Ramanujan, A. K. (1985), Poems of Love and War: From the Eight Anthologies and the Ten Long Poems of Classical Tamil, New York: Columbia University Press. Pp. 329, ISBN 0231051077 Quote (p. ix–x) "Tamil, one of the two classical languages of India, is a Dravidian language ... These poems (Sangam literature, 1st century BCE to 3rd century CE) are 'classical,' i.e. early, ancient; they are also 'classics,' i.e. works that have stood the test of time, the founding works of a whole tradition. Not to know them is not to know a unique and major poetic achievement of Indian civilization."
- ^ Article "Panini" from The Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth Edition. 2001-07) at Bartleby.com
- ^ a b Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2008. "Kannada literature" Quote: "The earliest literary work is the Kavirājamārga (c. ad 850), a treatise on poetics based on a Sanskrit model."
"Telugu literature," Quote: "The literature, beginning in the 10th or 11th century, is mainly poetry and secular and religious epics ..."
"Sanskrit literature," Quote: "Two main periods in the development of the literature are discernible: the Vedic period, approximately 1500–200 BC; and, somewhat overlapping it, the classical period, approximately 500 BC–AD 1000."
"Tamil literature," Quote: "Some inscriptions on stone have been dated to the 3rd century bc, but Tamil literature proper begins around the 1st century AD."
- ^ Zvelebil, Kamil (1997), The Smile of Murugan: On Tamil Literature of South India: On Tamil Literature of South India, BRILL Academic Publishers. Pp. 378, ISBN 9004035915 Quote: "Chart 1 literature: 1. the "Urtext" of the Tolkappiyam, i.e. the first two sections, Eluttatikaram and Collatikaram minus later interpolations, ca. 100 BC 2. the earliest strata of bardic poetry in the so-called Cankam anthologies, ca. 1 Cent. BC–2 Cent. AD."