グレタ・ガルボとは?

グレタ・ガルボ

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2019/01/30 07:07 UTC 版)

グレタ・ガルボGreta Garbo1905年9月18日 - 1990年4月15日)は、スウェーデン生まれのハリウッド映画女優。本名はグレータ・ルヴィーサ・グスタフソン(Greta Lovisa Gustafsson)で、ハリウッドサイレント映画期ならびにトーキー映画初期の伝説的スターである。3度のアカデミー主演女優賞へのノミネート経験があり、1954年に「輝かしく忘れがたい演技」に対してアカデミー名誉賞が贈られている。また、1935年の『アンナ・カレニナ』と1936年の『椿姫』で、ニューヨーク映画批評家協会賞 主演女優賞を受賞している。アメリカン・フィルム・インスティチュートが1999年に選定した映画スターベスト100の女優部門では、キャサリン・ヘプバーンベティ・デイヴィスオードリー・ヘプバーンイングリッド・バーグマンに続く第5位にランクされた。




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  2. ^ http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp?curTime=1377809209073
  3. ^ Ware, Susan; Braukman, Stacy Lorraine; Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study (2004). Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary: Completing the Twentieth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 227-228. ISBN 978-0-674-01488-6. http://books.google.com/?id=WSaMu4F06AQC&pg=PA227 2010年7月24日閲覧。. 
  4. ^ Sjölander, Ture (1971). Garbo. New York: Harper & Row. pp. 12-13. ISBN 978-0-06-013926-1. http://books.google.com/?id=YksqAQAAIAAJ 2010年7月24日閲覧。. 
  5. ^ Furhammar, Leif; Svenska filminstitutet (1991) (Swedish). Filmen i Sverige: en historia i tio kapitel. Höganäs: Wiken. p. 129. ISBN 978-91-7119-517-3. http://books.google.com/?id=0l5ZAAAAMAAJ 2010年7月24日閲覧。. 
  6. ^ Souhami 1994, p. 64.
  7. ^ "Karl Alfred Gustafsson". Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  8. ^ a b Bainbridge 1955b, p. 76.
  9. ^ D'Amico, Silvio (1962) (Italian). Enciclopedia dello spettacolo. Rome: Casa editrice Le Maschere. p. 901. http://books.google.com/?id=PfiEKHZLfRMC 2010年7月25日閲覧。. 
  10. ^ (Swedish)Lektyr 9 (3). (1931年1月17日). 
  11. ^ Liberty. Liberty Library Corporation. (1974). pp. 27-31 & 54-57. http://books.google.com/books?id=vQYAAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA57 2010年8月4日閲覧。. [リンク切れ]
  12. ^ Biery 1928a. I hated school. I hated the bonds they put on me. There were so many things outside. I liked history best but I was afraid of the map—geography you call it. But I had to go to go to school like other children. The public school, just as you have in this country.
  13. ^ “After Twelve Years Greta Garbo Wants to Go Home to Sweden”. Life: p. 81. (1937年11月8日). http://books.google.com/books?id=kD8EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA81 2011年8月4日閲覧。 
  14. ^ Biery 1928a. I didn't play much. Except skating and skiing and throwing snowballs. I did most of my playing by thinking. I played a little with my brother and sister, pretending we were in shows. Like other children. But usually I did my own pretending. I was up and down. Very happy one moment, the next moment - there was nothing left for me.
  15. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 25.
  16. ^ a b Biery 1928a. Then I found a theater. I must have been six or seven. Two theaters, really. One was a cabaret; one a regular theater, - across from one another. And there was a back porch to both of them. A long plank on which the actors and actresses walked to get in the back door. I used to go there at seven o'clock in the evening, when they would be coming in, and wait until eight-thirty. Watch them come in; listen to them getting ready. The big back door was always open even in the coldest weather. Listen to their voices doing their parts in the productions. Smell the grease paint! There is no smell in the world like the smell of the backyard of a theater. No smell that will mean as much to me - ever. Night after night, I sat there dreaming. Dreaming when I would be inside - getting ready.
  17. ^ Biery 1928a. When I wasn't thinking, wasn't wondering what it was all about, this living; I was dreaming. Dreaming how I could become a player.
  18. ^ Jean Lacouture (1999) (French). Greta Garbo: La Dame aux Caméras. Paris: Liana Levi. p. 22. ISBN 978-2-86746-214-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=09EaAQAAIAAJ 2010年8月6日閲覧。. 
  19. ^ Robert Payne (November 1976). The Great Garbo. London: W. H. Allen. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-491-01538-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=_cxZAAAAMAAJ 2010年8月4日閲覧. "In June 1919 she left school, and never returned." 
  20. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 32.
  21. ^ Parish, James Robert (4 August 2007). The Hollywood Book of Extravagance: The Totally Infamous, Mostly Disastrous, and Always Compelling Excesses of America's Film and TV Idols. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-470-05205-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=CJS5RL7eqdsC&pg=PA76 2010年8月4日閲覧。. 
  22. ^ a b c NYTimes 1990.
  23. ^ Swensen 1997, p. 36.
  24. ^ a b "Herrskapet Stockholm ute på inköp (1920)" The Swedish Film Database, Swedish Film Institute. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  25. ^ Paris 1994, p. 34.
  26. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 54-61.
  27. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 67-69.
  28. ^ Swenson 1997, pp. 72-74.
  29. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 80-83.
  30. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 9.
  31. ^ Paris 1994, p. 84.
  32. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 85.
  33. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 12.
  34. ^ Wollstein, Hans J. (1994). Strangers in Hollywood: The History of Scandinavian Actors in American Films from 1910 to World War II. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-8108-2938-1. http://books.google.com/?id=EPkqAQAAIAAJ 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  35. ^ Katchmer, George A. (1991). Eighty Silent Film Stars: Biographies and Filmographies of the Obscure to the Well Known. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-89950-494-0. http://books.google.com/?id=xWlZAAAAMAAJ 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  36. ^ Walker, Alexander; Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (October 1980). Garbo: A Portrait. New York: Macmillan. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-02-622950-0. http://books.google.com/?id=nmZZAAAAMAAJ 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  37. ^ Jacobs, Lea (2 April 2008). The Decline of Sentiment: American Film in the 1920s. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 258-9. ISBN 978-0-520-25457-2. http://books.google.com/?id=liWiBnpjpOsC&pg=PA258 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  38. ^ “The Torrent Review”. Variety. (1926年1月1日). http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117795813.html?categoryid=31&cs=1 2010年7月20日閲覧. "Greta Garbo, making her American debut as a screen star, has everything with looks, acting ability and personality. When one is a Scandinavian and can put over a Latin characterization with sufficient power to make it most convincing, need there be any more said regarding her ability? She makes The Torrent worthwhile." 
  39. ^ Hall, Hadaunt (1926年2月22日). “A New Swedish Actress”. The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review?_r=1&res=990CE3D91231EE3ABC4A51DFB466838D639EDE 2010年7月20日閲覧. "In this current effort Greta Garbo, a Swedish actress, who is fairly well known in Germany, makes her screen bow to American audiences. As a result of her ability, her undeniable prepossessing appearance and her expensive taste in fur coats, she steals most of the thunder in this vehicle" 
  40. ^ Billquist, Fritiof (1960). Garbo: A Biography. New York: Putnam. p. 106. OCLC 277166. http://books.google.com/?id=b8xZAAAAMAAJ 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  41. ^ Rivera-Viruet, Rafael J.; Resto, Max (2008). Hollywood... Se Habla Español: Hispanics in Hollywood Films ... Yesterday, today and tomorrow. New York: Terramax Entertainment. pp. 31-37. ISBN 978-0-9816650-0-9. http://books.google.com/?id=hk52WGdUmbEC&pg=PA37 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  42. ^ Thomsen, Bodil Marie (1997) (Danish). Filmdivaer: Stjernens figur i Hollywoods melodrama 1920-40. [Anmeldelse]. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. p. 129. ISBN 978-87-7289-397-6. http://books.google.com/?id=MQ1kx9DiVOoC&pg=PA129 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  43. ^ Flamini, Roland (22 February 1994). Thalberg: The Last Tycoon and the World of M-G-M. New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 978-0-517-58640-2. http://books.google.com/?id=A3pZAAAAMAAJ 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  44. ^ Biery 1928c. Mr. Stiller is an artist. He does not understand about the American factories. He has always made his own pictures in Europe, where he is the master. In our country it is always the small studio. He does not understand the American Business. He could speak no English. So he was taken off the picture. It was given to Mr. Niblo. How I was broken to pieces, nobody knows. I was so unhappy I did not think I could go on.
  45. ^ Golden, Eve (2001). Golden images: 41 essays on silent film stars. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-7864-0834-4. http://books.google.com/?id=gzycn1tYydAC&pg=PA106 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  46. ^ Koszarski, Richard (4 May 1994). An Evening's Entertainment: The Age of the Silent Feature Picture, 1915-1928. History of the American Cinema. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-520-08535-0. http://books.google.com/?id=PLUbxH1_PREC&pg=PA253 2010年7月20日閲覧。. 
  47. ^ Brown, John Mason (1965). The worlds of Robert E. Sherwood: Mirror to His Times, 1896-1939. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0-313-20937-6. http://books.google.com/?id=G46wAAAAIAAJ 2010年7月20日閲覧. "I want to go on record as saying that Greta Garbo in The Temptress knocked me for a loop. I had seen Miss Garbo once before, in The Torrent. I had been mildly impressed by her visual effectiveness. In The Temptress, however, this effectiveness proves positively devastating. She may not be the best actress on the screen. I am powerless to formulate an opinion on her dramatic technique. But there is no room for argument as to the efficacy of her allure... [She] qualifies herewith as the official Dream Princess of the Silent Drama Department of Life." 
  48. ^ Conway, Michael; McGregor, Dion; Ricci, Mark (1968). The Films of Greta Garbo. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-86369-552-0. http://books.google.com/?id=WOZkAAAAMAAJ 2010年7月20日閲覧. "Harriette Underhill in the New York Herald Tribune: 'This is the first time we have seen Miss Garbo and she is a delight to the eyes! We may also add that she is a magnetic woman and a finished actress. In fact, she leaves nothing to be desired. Such a profile, such grace, such poise, and most of all, such eyelashes. They swish the air at least a half-inch beyond her languid orbs. Miss Garbo is not a conventional beauty, yet she makes all other beauties seem a little obvious.'" 
  49. ^ Zierold, Norman J. (1969). Garbo. New York: Stein and Day. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-8128-1212-1. http://books.google.com/?id=1dEaAQAAIAAJ 2010年7月20日閲覧. "'Greta Garbo vitalizes the name part of this picture. She is the Temptress. Her tall, swaying figure moves Cleopatra-ishly from delirious Paris to the virile Argentine. Her alluring mouth and volcanic, slumbrous eyes enfire men to such passion that friendships collapse.' Dorothy Herzog, New York Mirror (1926):" 
  50. ^ Hall, Morduant (1926年10月11日). “The Temptress Another Ibanez Story”. The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9A07E2D9173CEE3ABC4952DFB667838D639EDE 2010年7月20日閲覧。 
  51. ^ Vieira, Mark A. (15 November 2009). Irving Thalberg: Boy Wonder to Producer Prince. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-520-26048-1. http://books.google.com/?id=qU52u5-ObHUC&lpg=PA67&pg=PA67 2010年7月22日閲覧。. 
  52. ^ Paris 1994, p. 108.
  53. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 568-570.
  54. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 124-125.
  55. ^ Brownlow, Kevin (2005年). Garbo (Television production). Turner Classic Movies.. 13:00-14:00 minutes in 
  56. ^ Paris 1994, p. 121.
  57. ^ Vieira 2009.
  58. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 193.
  59. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 220.
  60. ^ Denby, David (2012年2月27日). “The Artists”. The New Yorker: 74-78. ISSN 0028-792X. http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/atlarge/2012/02/27/120227crat_atlarge_denby 2012年10月20日閲覧。. 
  61. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 301-320.
  62. ^ Crafton 1999, pp. 495-496, "In December 1929, according to the volume of Photoplay fan mail ... Garbo remained the leading female star."
  63. ^ Crafton 1999, p. 295.
  64. ^ Limbacher, James L. (1968). Four Aspects of the Film. Aspects of film. New York: Brussel & Brussel. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-405-11138-9. http://books.google.com/?id=MaYfAQAAIAAJ 2010年7月17日閲覧。. 
  65. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 100.
  66. ^ サントリー公式サイトより引用。
  67. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 111.
  68. ^ Paris 1994, p. 570.
  69. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 570-573.
  70. ^ a b Swenson 1997, p. 244.
  71. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 161.
  72. ^ 日本では「神聖ガルボ帝国」と呼ばれていた。
  73. ^ qtd in Swenson 1997, p. 266.
  74. ^ Paris 1994, p. 284.
  75. ^ Paris 1994, p. 285.
  76. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 183.
  77. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 181.
  78. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 572-573.
  79. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 316.
  80. ^ Vieira 2005, pp. 207-210.
  81. ^ Paris 1994, p. 571, 172.
  82. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 216.
  83. ^ Paris 1994, p. 273.
  84. ^ Chandler 2010, p. 119.
  85. ^ Paris 1994, p. 573.
  86. ^ Bainbridge 1955c, p. 129.
  87. ^ Paris 1994, p. 381.
  88. ^ Vieira 1994, p. 267.
  89. ^ a b c Vieira 2005, p. 268.
  90. ^ Paris 1994, p. 281.
  91. ^ a b Paris 1994, p. 383.
  92. ^ a b Vieira 2005, p. 270.
  93. ^ Reid, John Howard (January 2006). Cinemascope 3: Hollywood Takes the Plunge. Morrisville, NC: Lulu Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-4116-7188-1. http://books.google.com/?id=lmc4m9FNUAsC&pg=PA44 2010年7月25日閲覧。. 
  94. ^ Kellow, Brian (November 2004). The Bennetts: An Acting Family. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. p. 338. ISBN 978-0-8131-2329-5. http://books.google.com/?id=QNjXg9x3A4MC&pg=PA338 2010年7月25日閲覧。. 
  95. ^ Forrest, Jennifer; Koos, Leonard R. (2002). Dead Ringers: The Remake in Theory and Practice. SUNY Series, Cultural Studies in Cinema/Video. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 151-152. ISBN 978-0-7914-5169-4. http://books.google.com/?id=R1CRyD4Bs44C&pg=PA151 2010年7月25日閲覧。. 
  96. ^ Bainbridge 1955c, p. 130.
  97. ^ Garbo: A TCM Original Documentary”. Turner Classic Movies (2009年11月12日). 2010年7月24日閲覧。
  98. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 271.
  99. ^ Broman 1990, p. 271.
  100. ^ NYTimes 1936. (Garbo) refused to write her name for autograph hunters or to pose for newsreels.
  101. ^ a b c Bainbridge 1955a, p. 12.
  102. ^ NYTimes 1936. A woman held out a letter of introduction she said was written by a mutual friend, and Garbo said coldly: "I never accept letters."
  103. ^ NYTimes 1990. Her penchant for privacy broke all of Hollywood's rules, said her biographer, John Bainbridge. Except at the start of her career, he wrote in Garbo, she "granted no interviews, signed no autographs, attended no premieres, answered no fan mail."
  104. ^ NYTimes 1936. For the first time since she achieved international eminence in the motion-picture world, Miss Garbo granted an interview to the press and received the reporters en masse in the smoking lounge while the ship was at Quarantine.
  105. ^ NYTimes 1990. In a rare statement to reporters she acknowledged, "I feel able to express myself only through my roles, not in words, and that is why I try to avoid talking to the press."
  106. ^ Krutzen 1992, p. 56.
  107. ^ a b Krutzen 1992, p. 46.
  108. ^ Paris 1994, p. 129, 156-157, 243.
  109. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 196.
  110. ^ Paris 1994, p. 179.
  111. ^ Swensen 1997, p. 196-197.
  112. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes”. 2010年7月24日閲覧。
  113. ^ a b NYTimes 1990. A declaration often attributed to her was, "I want to be alone." Actually she said, "I want to be let alone."
  114. ^ a b Shapiro, Fred R., ed (2006). The Yale Book of Quotations. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 299. ISBN 978-0-300-10798-2. http://books.google.com/?id=ck6bXqt5shkC&pg=PA299 2010年7月24日閲覧。. 
  115. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 5, 57, 156-158 passim.
  116. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 244, 508-509 passim.
  117. ^ a b Paris 1994.
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  119. ^ Swenson 1997.
  120. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 8-9, 107-108, 167, 329-30, 506-11 passim.
  121. ^ Swenson 1997, pp. 87, 91, 115, 143 passim.
  122. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 526.
  123. ^ a b Paris 1994, p. 506.
  124. ^ Swenson 1997, pp. 426-427, 530.
  125. ^ Broman 1990, p. 227.
  126. ^ Paris 1994, p. 344.
  127. ^ a b Who's Who of American Women, 1983-1984. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Marquis Who's Who. (December 1983). p. 279. ISBN 978-0-8379-0413-9. http://books.google.com/?id=Cz2ppa_YfZ8C 2010年7月24日閲覧。. 
  128. ^ Kalins Wise, Dorothy (1968年5月20日). “Appraising the Most Expensive Apartment Houses in the City”. New York (New York Media) 1 (7): 18. ISSN 0028-7369. http://books.google.com/?id=meECAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA18 2010年7月24日閲覧。. 
  129. ^ Pitts, David (2007). Jack and Lem: The Untold Story of an Extraordinary Friendship. New York: Carroll & Graf. pp. 205-206. 
  130. ^ Pitts, David (2007). Jack and Lem: The Untold Story of an Extraordinary Friendship. New York: Carroll & Graf. pp. 205-206. 
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  138. ^ Paris 1994, p. 526.
  139. ^ Sam Green - Obituary”. warholstars.org. 2012年12月15日閲覧。
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  141. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 537-538.
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  144. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 121-126.
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  146. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 124.
  147. ^ Die Göttliche. Greta Garbo Frederick Sands, Sven Broman, Blanvalet Verlag, 1979
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  150. ^ Swenson 1997, pp. 457-460.
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  152. ^ Swenson 1997, pp. 428-504.
  153. ^ Paris 1994, pp. 412-552.
  154. ^ Paris 1994, p. 249.
  155. ^ Vickers 1994.
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  157. ^ Schanke 2003, pp. 103-113 passim.
  158. ^ Daum, Raymond (1995年5月7日). “The Private Garbo”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/05/07/books/l-the-private-garbo-747495.html 2012年10月9日閲覧。 
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  160. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 26.
  161. ^ Brooks, Louise; Jaccard, Roland (1976) (French). Louise Brooks: Portrait d'une anti star [Louise Brooks: Portrait of an Anti-star]. Paris: Phébus. ISBN 978-2-85940-012-5. 
  162. ^ Schanke, Robert (2003). That Furious Lesbian: The Story of Mercedes de Acosta. Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-2511-X. 
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  164. ^ Paris 1994, p. 264.
  165. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 559.
  166. ^ Smith, Dinitia (2000年4月18日). “Letters Push Garbo Slightly Into View”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2000/04/18/arts/letters-push-garbo-slightly-into-view.html?src=pm 2010年5月7日閲覧。 
  167. ^ Smith, Alex Duval (2005年9月10日). “Lonely Garbo's love secret is exposed”. The Observer (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2005/sep/11/film.filmnews 2011年11月17日閲覧。 
  168. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 542.
  169. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 549.
  170. ^ Greg Gibson (3 January 2009). It Takes a Genome: How a Clash Between Our Genes and Modern Life Is Making Us Sick. Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-13-713746-6. http://books.google.com/?id=QsKnJf6PBFsC&pg=PA20 2010年7月24日閲覧. "The list of famous women who have had breast cancer..." 
  171. ^ Paris 1994, p. 541.
  172. ^ Becky Ohlsen (2004). Stockholm. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-74104-172-9. http://books.google.com/?id=skJHrgPELxUC&pg=PA86 2010年7月24日閲覧. "The Unesco World Heritage-listed graveyard Skogskyrkogården ... is also known as the final resting place of Hollywood actress Greta Garbo" 
  173. ^ Paris 1994, p. 540.
  174. ^ Paris 1994, p. 4.
  175. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 6.
  176. ^ Vieira 2005, p. 7.
  177. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 406.
  178. ^ a b c Barnes 1990.
  179. ^ a b Vance, Jeffrey (2005). The Mysterious Lady, The Garbo Silents Collection: Audio commentary, DVD; Disk 1/3. (TCM Archives).
  180. ^ Cole, Steve (director) (2001年). Greta Garbo: A Lone Star (Television production). American Movie Classics.. 10:57-11:07. minutes in 
  181. ^ Swenson 1997, p. 357.
  182. ^ Stevenson, Swanson (2005年10月27日). “A Century After Her Birth, Greta Garbo’s Allure Lives On”. Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2005-10-21/features/0510200317_1_greta-garbo-gosta-berling-mauritz-stiller 2013年9月27日閲覧。 
  183. ^ Cole, Steve (director) (2001年). Greta Garbo: A Lone Star (Television production). American Movie Classics.. 11:26-11:30. minutes in 
  184. ^ a b Vieira 2005, pp. 6-8.
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  186. ^ Paris 1994, p. 178.
  187. ^ O'Connor, John J. (1990年12月3日). “Reviews/Television; A Life of Garbo, Mostly Through Films”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1990/12/03/arts/reviews-television-a-life-of-garbo-mostly-through-films.html 2011年8月19日閲覧。 
  188. ^ 'Biography' Greta Garbo: The Mysterious Lady”. Internet Movie Database. 2011年8月6日閲覧。
  189. ^ Linan, Steven (2011年9月4日). “'Garbo' Paints a Full Portrait of Star”. Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2001/sep/04/entertainment/ca-41799 2011年8月16日閲覧。 
  190. ^ “TCM offers close-up of silent star Garbo”. Associated Press. (2005年9月6日). http://articles.boston.com/2005-09-06/ae/29221217_1_kevin-brownlow-greta-garbo-mysterious-star 2012年1月8日閲覧。 
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  208. ^ “Greta Garbo Has Starring Role on U.S. Postal Stamp” (プレスリリース), United States Postal Service, (2012年6月25日), オリジナル2005年10月17日時点によるアーカイブ。, http://web.archive.org/web/20051017193908/http://www.usps.com/communications/news/stamps/2005/sr05_045.htm 2008年9月30日閲覧, "...the U.S. Postal Service and Sweden Post jointly issued two commemorative postage stamps bearing her likeness. Both stamps, issued near what would have been her 100th birthday, are engravings based on a 1932 photograph..." 
  209. ^ Gicker, William J., ed (2006年). “Greta Garbo 37¢”. USA Philatelic 11 (3): 12. 
  210. ^ “往年の女優グレタ・ガルボ、母国スウェーデンの新紙幣でよみがえる”. Bloomberg.co.jp. (2011年4月6日). http://www.bloomberg.co.jp/apps/news?pid=90920012&sid=adqB1XtOJOY4 2013年4月16日閲覧。 
  211. ^ "Greta Garbo's first performance: a commercial." YouTube, 27 December 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2012. This clip also features other "Garbo commercials" from 1920-21.
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