儀礼とは?

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ぎらい 【儀礼】

中国儒教経典の一。一七編。周公旦または孔子の作と伝えられる。成立戦国末から漢初と推定される。周代から春秋時代にかけて宗教的・政治的儀礼を集録したもので、儀礼の形式詳細に述べてある。「周礼しゆらい)」「礼記とともに三礼さんらい)」と呼ばれる

ぎ れい [0] 【儀礼】

一定の形式にのっとった規律ある行為礼法礼儀礼式。 「外交-上必要な手続き
聖なるものとかかわる慣習的宗教行為。 「通過-」


ぎらい 【儀礼】

儒教経典一つ。一七編。周公旦または孔子の作と伝えられる。戦国末から漢初期頃の成立らしい。周から春秋時代にかけての宗教的・政治的な儀礼を集録。『周礼』『礼記と共に三礼』と呼ばれる日本へは平安初期伝来。→ 九経

ぎれい 【儀礼】

宗教的な儀式や一定の法にのっとった礼式。→ 儀礼

儀礼

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2017/09/07 01:30 UTC 版)


儀礼(ぎれい)とは、一般的な定義では「宗教的な儀式や、一定の法にのっとった礼式」を指す。過去一世紀の文化人類学者たちの研究によって明らかになったのは、儀礼が「日常生活の中の言語や通常の技術的道具などでは表し伝ええない、社会の連帯といった価値や、結婚といった重大なる事件を明確に表現し、心に強く刻みこむ働きを持つ」ということである、また、経済交換戦争社交挨拶といったものにも儀礼的要素が含まれており、儀礼として理解されることができ、儀礼研究の対象となっている[1]


  1. ^ 以上は平凡社『世界大百科事典』「儀礼」の項による
  2. ^ Bell, Ritual – Perspectives and Dimensions Ch.8 section "The Emergence of 'Ritual'" 特に p.265 “Western scholarship is very powerful” ではじまる段落を参照。
  3. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ritual
  4. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 138–169.
  5. ^ Brown, Donald (1991). Human Universals. United States: McGraw Hill. p. 139.
  6. ^ Kyriakidis, E., ed. (2007). The archaeology of ritual. Cotsen Institute of Archaeology UCLA publications.
  7. ^ Festus, entry on ritus, p. 364 (edition of Lindsay).
  8. ^ Barbara Boudewijnse, "British Roots of the Concept of Ritual," in Religion in the Making: The Emergence of the Sciences of Religion (Brill, 1998), p. 278.
  9. ^ Boudewijnse, "British Roots of the Concept of Ritual," p. 278.
  10. ^ Boudewijnse, "British Roots of the Concept of Ritual," p. 278, 引用は Oxford English Dictionary から。
  11. ^ (Tolbert 1990a, 1990b; Wilce 2006)
  12. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 138–169.
  13. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 139–140.
  14. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 145–150.
  15. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 152–53.
  16. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 155.
  17. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 156.
  18. ^ Ortner, Sherry (1973). "On Key Symbols". American Anthropologist. 75: 1340.
  19. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 156–7.
  20. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 156–7.
  21. ^ Myerhoff, Barbara (1997). Secular Ritual. Amsterdam: Van Gorcum. p. 223.
  22. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 94.
  23. ^ Turner, Victor (1969). The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. p. 95.
  24. ^ Turner, Victor (1969). The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. p. 97.
  25. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 102–3.
  26. ^ Eliade, Mircea (1954). The Myth of Eternal Return or, Cosmos and History. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. p. 21.
  27. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 109.
  28. ^ Turner, Victor (1967). The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. pp. 9ff.
  29. ^ Turner, Victor (1969). The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press. pp. 20–1.
  30. ^ Atkinson, Jane (1987). "The Effectiveness of Shamans in an Indonesian Ritual". American Anthropologist. 89 (2): 342.
  31. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 121.
  32. ^ Turner, Victor (1974). Dramas, Fields, and Metaphors: Symbolic Action in Human Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. pp. 23–35.
  33. ^ Kinser, Samuel (1990). Carnival, American Style; Mardi Gras at New Orleans and Mobile. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 282.
  34. ^ Geertz, Clifford (1980). Negara: The Theatre State in Nineteenth-Century Bali. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. pp. 13–17, 21.
  35. ^ Bell, Catherine (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 130.
  36. ^ Worsley, Peter (1957). The Trumpet Shall Sound: A Study of 'Cargo Cults' in Melanesia. New York: Schocken books.
  37. ^ William A. Lessa, Evon Z. Vogt eds (1979). Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach. New York: Harper & Row. pp. 36–8.
  38. ^ William A. Lessa, Evon Z. Vogt eds (1979). Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach. New York: Harper & Row. p. 38.
  39. ^ William A. Lessa, Evon Z. Vogt eds (1979). Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach. New York: Harper & Row. pp. 36–8.
  40. ^ Homans, George C. (1941). "Anxiety and Ritual: The Theories of Malinowski and Radcliffe-Brown". American Anthropologist. 43: 164–72.
  41. ^ Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. (1939). Structure and Function in Primitive Society. London: Cohen and West. p. 143.
  42. ^ Leach, Edmund (1954). Political Systems of Highland Burma. London: Bell. pp. 12–13.
  43. ^ Rappaport, Roy (1979). Ecology, Meaning and Religion. Richmond CA: North Atlantic Books. p. 41.
  44. ^ Lansing, Stephen (1991). Priests and Programmers: technologies of power in the engineered landscape of Bali. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
  45. ^ Gluckman, Max (1963). Order and Rebellion in South East Africa: Collected Essays. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  46. ^ Bell, Catherine (1992). Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 42–3.
  47. ^ Turner, Victor (1967). The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press. p. 30.
  48. ^ Douglas, Mary (1973). Natural Symbols: Explorations in Cosmology. New York: Vintage Books.
  49. ^ Turner, Victor (1969). The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. p. 96.
  50. ^ Turner, Victor (1967). The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press. pp. 96–7.
  51. ^ Bell, Catherine (1992). Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 128.
  52. ^ Kuper, Adam (1983). Anthropology and Anthropologists: The Modern British School. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 156–7.
  53. ^ Geertz, Clifford (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books. p. 112.
  54. ^ Bell, Catherine (1992). Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 66–7.
  55. ^ Hughes-Freeland, Felicia (ed.). Ritual, Performance, Media. London: Routledge. p. 2.
  56. ^ Bloch, Maurice (1974). "Symbols, Song, Dance and Features of Articulation: Is Religion an Extreme Form of Traditional Authority?". Archives Européennes de Sociologie. 15 (1): 55–84.
  57. ^ Csordas, Thomas J. (2001) [1997]. Language, Charisma, & Creativity: Ritual Life in the Catholic Charismatic Renewal. Basingstoke: Palgrave. pp. 255–65.
  58. ^ Bell, Catherine (1992). Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 74.
  59. ^ Dean, Bartholomew 2009 Urarina Society, Cosmology, and History in Peruvian Amazonia, Gainesville: University Press of Florida
  60. ^ Verbit, M. F. (1970). The components and dimensions of religious behavior: Toward a reconceptualization of religiosity. American mosaic, 24, 39.
  61. ^ Küçükcan, T. (2010). "Multidimensional Approach to Religion: a way of looking at religious phenomena". Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, 4(10), 60-70.
  62. ^ http://www.eskieserler.com/dosyalar/mpdf%20(1135).pdf
  63. ^ Glock, C. Y. (1972) ‘On the Study of Religious Commitment’ in J. E. Faulkner (ed.) Religion’s Influence in Contemporary Society, Readings in the Sociology of Religion, Ohio: Charles E. Merril: 38-56.


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