真摯とは? わかりやすく解説

しん‐し【真摯】

読み方:しんし

[名・形動まじめで熱心なこと。また、そのさま。「—な態度」「—に取り組む

[派生] しんしさ[名]


誠実性

(真摯 から転送)

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2023/08/27 22:32 UTC 版)

誠実性(せいじつせい、: Conscientiousness)とは、注意深く、勤勉であるという性格特徴のことである。


  1. ^ Thompson, Edmund R. (2008-10). “Development and Validation of an International English Big-Five Mini-Markers” (英語). Personality and Individual Differences 45 (6): 542–548. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.06.013. https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0191886908002195. 
  2. ^ Carter, Nathan L.; Guan, Li; Maples, Jessica L.; Williamson, Rachel L.; Miller, Joshua D. (2015). “The downsides of extreme conscientiousness for psychological wellbeing: The role of obsessive compulsive tendencies”. Journal of Personality Accepted Article (4): 510-522. doi:10.1111/jopy.12177. PMID 25858019. 
  3. ^ a b Ozer, D. J.; Benet-Martínez, V. (2006). “Personality and the prediction of consequential outcomes”. Annual Review of Psychology 57: 401-421. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190127. PMID 16318601. 
  4. ^ a b c 『主要5因子性格検査ハンドブック 三訂版: 性格測定の基礎から主要5因子の世界へ』筑摩書房、2017年4月3日、pp.63-64頁。ISBN 978-4480970190 
  5. ^ a b Costa, P. T. & McCrae, R. R. (1992). NEO personality Inventory professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
  6. ^ IPIP Home”. ipip.ori.org. 2021年9月25日閲覧。
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  8. ^ DeYoung, C. G.; Quilty, L. C.; Peterson, J. B. (2007). “Between facets and domains: 10 aspects of the Big Five”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 93 (5): 880-896. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.93.5.880. PMID 17983306. 
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  12. ^ a b Goldberg, L.R.; Johnson, JA; Eber, HW (2006). “The international personality item pool and the future of public-domain personality measures”. Journal of Research in Personality 40 (1): 84-96. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2005.08.007. 
  13. ^ Goldberg, L.R. (1992). “The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure”. Psychological Assessment 4 (1): 26-42. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.4.1.26. 
  14. ^ Saucier, G (1994). “Mini-Markers – a brief version of Goldberg's unipolar big-five markers”. Journal of Personality Assessment 63 (3): 506-516. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa6303_8. PMID 7844738. 
  15. ^ Piedmont, R.L.; Chae, J.H. (1997). “Cross-cultural generalizability of the five-factor model of personality ? Development and validation of the NEO PI-R for Koreans”. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 28 (2): 131-155. doi:10.1177/0022022197282001. 
  16. ^ Bouchard, Thomas J.; McGue, Matt (2003-01). “Genetic and environmental influences on human psychological differences” (英語). Journal of Neurobiology 54 (1): 4-45. doi:10.1002/neu.10160. ISSN 0022-3034. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/neu.10160. 
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  22. ^ Luciano, M., Wainwright, M. A., Wright, M. J., & Martin, N. G. (2006). The heritability of conscientiousness facets and their relationship to IQ and academic achievement. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1189-1199.
  23. ^ Murray, A. L.; Johnson, W.; McGue, M.; Iacono, W. G. (2014). “How are conscientiousness and cognitive ability related to one another? A re-examination of the intelligence compensation hypothesis”. Personality and Individual Differences 70: 17-22. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.06.014. 
  24. ^ Moutafi, Joanna; Furnham, Adrian; Crump, John (2006). “What facets of openness and conscientiousness predict fluid intelligence score?”. Learning and Individual Differences 16: 31-42. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2005.06.003. 
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  26. ^ Which personality traits do innovative people possess?”. Universiteit van Amsterdam. 2016年1月31日時点のオリジナルよりアーカイブ。2015年4月12日閲覧。
  27. ^ Robert, Christopher; Cheung, Yu Ha (April 2010). “An examination of the relationship between conscientiousness and group performance on a creative task”. Journal of Research in Personality 44 (2): 222-231. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2010.01.005. 
  28. ^ Colarelli, Stephen (2003). No best way : an evolutionary perspective on human resource management. Westport, Conn. : Praeger. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-275-95739-1. https://books.google.com/books?id=d-Y4T70Ws5UC&q=conscientiousness&pg=PA159 
  29. ^ Lepine, Jeffrey; Colquitt, Jason; Erez, Amir (2000). “Adaptability to changing task context: effects of general cognitive ability, conscientiousness, and openness to experience”. Personnel Psychology 53 (3): 563-593. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.2000.tb00214.x. 
  30. ^ Saroglou, Vassilis (2002). “Religion and the five-factors of personality: A meta-analytic review.”. Personality and Individual Differences 32: 15-25. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00233-6. 
  31. ^ Resolving the "Conscientiousness Paradox"”. Psychology Today. 2022年2月23日閲覧。
  32. ^ Gosling, S. (2008). Snoop: What your stuff says about you?. New York: Basic Books.
  33. ^ Hirsh, J.B.; DeYoung, C.G.; Peterson, J.B. (2009). “Metatraits of the Big Five differentially predict engagement and restraint of behavior”. Journal of Personality 77 (4): 1085-1101. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00575.x. PMID 19558442. 
  34. ^ a b c d What is Conscientiousness, and Why Are Conscientiousness People More Likely to Succeed in School, at Work, and in Life?” (英語). FutureLearn. 2023年3月14日閲覧。
  35. ^ a b c d The Science of Success: What Researchers Know that You Should Know”. Coursera. 2023年3月12日閲覧。
  36. ^ Higgins, D.M.; Peterson, J.B.; Lee, A.; Pihl, R.O. (2007). “Prefrontal cognitive ability, intelligence, Big Five personality and the prediction of advanced academic and workplace performance”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 93 (2): 298-319. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.93.2.298. PMID 17645401. 
  37. ^ Dewitt, S.; Schouwenburg, H. C. (2002). “Procrastination, temptations, and incentives: The struggle between the present and the future in procrastinators and the punctual”. European Journal of Personality 16 (6): 469-489. doi:10.1002/per.461. 
  38. ^ Judge, Timothy (1999). “The Big Five Personality Traits, General Mental Ability, And Career Success Across The Life Span”. Personnel Psychology 52 (3): 621-652. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.1999.tb00174.x. https://www.timothy-judge.com/Judge,%20Higgins,%20Thoresen,%20&%20Barrick%20PPsych.pdf 2019年8月8日閲覧。. 
  39. ^ J. F. Salgado (February 1997). “The five factor model of personality and job performance in the European community”. Journal of Applied Psychology英語版 82 (1): 30-43. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.82.1.30. PMID 9119797. 
  40. ^ Schmidt, Frank L.; Hunter, John (2004). “General Mental Ability in the World of Work: Occupational Attainment and Job Performance.” (英語). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 86 (1): 162-173. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.86.1.162. ISSN 1939-1315. http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0022-3514.86.1.162. 
  41. ^ a b c d e f Roberts, B.W.; Jackson, J.J.; Fayard, J.V.; Edmonds, G.; Meints, J (2009). “Chapter 25. Conscientiousness”. In Mark R. Leary, & Rick H. Hoyle. Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior. New York/London: The Guildford Press. pp. 257-273. ISBN 978-1-59385-647-2 
  42. ^ Which Personality Traits Are Most Important to Employers?” (英語). Association for Psychological Science - APS. 2021年3月16日閲覧。
  43. ^ M. K. Mount, M. R. Barrick and G. L. Stewart (1998). “Five-factor model of personality and Performance in jobs involving interpersonal interactions”. Human Performance 11 (2): 145-165. doi:10.1080/08959285.1998.9668029. 
  44. ^ New research shows leaders are persuasive rule-breakers”. Psychometrics Canada. 2022年1月26日閲覧。
  45. ^ Is Conscientiousness ALWAYS Positively Related to Job Performance?”. Wright State University. 2022‐01‐26閲覧。
  46. ^ Steel, Piers; Schmidt, Joseph; Shultz, Jonas (2008). “Refining the relationship between personality and subjective well-being.” (英語). Psychological Bulletin 134 (1): 138-161. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.1.138. ISSN 1939-1455. http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0033-2909.134.1.138. 
  47. ^ Big 5 - Get In: Know yourself”. Coursera. 2022年9月7日閲覧。
  48. ^ Boyce, C. J., & Wood, A., M., & Brown, G. D. A. (in press). The dark side of conscientiousness: Conscientious people experience greater drops in life satisfactionlife satisfaction英語版life satisfaction英語版life satisfaction英語版life satisfaction英語版life satisfaction英語版life satisfaction英語版 following unemployment. Archived 2011-02-24 at the Wayback Machine.Journal of Research in Personality
  49. ^ Wood, A. M., & Tarrier, N. (in press). Positive Clinical Psychology: A new vision and strategy for integrated research and practice. Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine.Clinical Psychology Review
  50. ^ Walton, KE; Roberts, BW. (2004). “On the relationship between substance use and personality traits: abstainers are not maladjusted”. J. Res. Personal 38 (6): 515-535. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2004.01.002. 
  51. ^ Blickle, G.; Schlegel, A. (2006). “Some Personality Correlates of Business White-Collar Crime”. Applied Psychology 55 (2): 220-233. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2006.00226.x. 
  52. ^ “Howard S. Friedman and Leslie R. Martin, The Longevity Project: Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade Study”. Population and Development Review 38 (1): 175-176. (March 2012). doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2012.00481.x. ISSN 0098-7921. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2012.00481.x. 
  53. ^ "Psychological Predictors of Long Life: An 80-year study discovers traits that help people to live longer". Psychology Today英語版. 5 June 2012.
  54. ^ a b Big 5 - Get In: Know yourself”. Coursera. 2022年9月7日閲覧。
  55. ^ Kern, Margaret L.; Friedman, Howard S. (2008-2009). “Do conscientious individuals live longer? A quantitative review.” (英語). Health Psychology 27 (5): 505-512. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.27.5.505. ISSN 1930-7810. PMID 18823176. http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0278-6133.27.5.505. 
  56. ^ Soto, C. J. (2019). How replicable are links between personality traits and consequential life outcomes? The life outcomes of personality replication project. Psychological Science, 30, 711-727.
  57. ^ Carney, D. R., Jost, J. T., Gosling, S. D., & Potter, J. (2008). The secret lives of liberals and conservatives: Personality profiles, interaction styles, and the things they leave behind. Political Psychology, 29, 807-840.
  58. ^ Sibley, Chris G.; Osborne, Danny; Duckitt, John (2012). “Personality and political orientation: Meta-analysis and test of a Threat-Constraint Model”. Journal of Research in Personality 46 (6): 664-677. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2012.08.002. 
  59. ^ a b Chamberlain, Craig. “Your personality plays a role in your political behavior, author says” (英語). news.illinois.edu. 2022年2月23日閲覧。
  60. ^ Brown, T. J., Mowen, J. C., Donavan, D. T., & Licata, J. W. (2002). The customer orientation of service workers: Personality trait effects on self-and supervisor performance ratings. Journal ofMarketing Research, 39, 110-119.
  61. ^ Neal, A., Yeo, G., Koy, A., & Xiao, T. (2012). Predicting the form and direction of work role performance from the Big 5 model of personality traits. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33, 175-192.
  62. ^ Davidson, A., & Theriault, D. A. (2021). How Consumer Experience Is Shaped by the Political Orientation of Service Providers. Journal of Consumer Psychology.
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真摯

出典:『Wiktionary』 (2021/08/14 00:47 UTC 版)

名詞

しんし

  1. まじめ懸命にやるさま。

発音(?)

し↘んし

形容動詞

活用

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真摯-だ

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