偽善者とは?

Weblio 辞書 > 同じ種類の言葉 > 社会 > 社会一般 > > 偽善者の意味・解説 

偽善者

作者太郎

収載図書規則に愛嬌を
出版社思想の科学社
刊行年月2007.1


偽善

(偽善者 から転送)

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2020/04/23 03:50 UTC 版)

偽善(ぎぜん、: Hypocrisy)とは、特に宗教や道徳的信念に関し、真の性格・性向を隠す一方で、美徳または善といった見せかけの外観をつくることを言う。したがって、一般的な意味において偽善には「不誠実なそらとぼけ」、「見せかけの振りをすること」、または「まやかし」が含まれることがある。偽善的な行動とは、他を批判するのと同じ行動を自らも行っていることを指す。道徳心理学においては、自ら表明する道徳的な規則や原則に従わないことを指している[1]


  1. ^ Lammers, Joris (2011), “Power increases infidelity among men and women”, Psychological Science 22 (9): 1191–97, doi:10.1177/0956797611416252, PMID 21771963 
  2. ^ David Runciman (2010). Political Hypocrisy: The Mask of Power, from Hobbes to Orwell and Beyond. Princeton UP. p. 8. ISBN 978-0691148151. https://books.google.com/books?id=vqaPj0SbXsoC&pg=PA8. 
  3. ^ Michael Gerson, "Trump's hypocrisy is good for America" Washington Post Nov. 29, 2016
  4. ^ Pocket Oxford Classical Greek Dictionary, ed Morwood and Taylor, OUP 2002
  5. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary: "hypocrisy"”. Etymonline.com. 2013年3月28日閲覧。
  6. ^ Bryan Garsten, "Looking for an honest man." Modern Intellectual History 8#3 (2011): 697–708.
  7. ^ Jones Clyve (2011). “'Too Wild to Succeed': The Occasional Conformity Bills and the Attempts by the House of Lords to Outlaw the Tack in the Reign of Anne”. Parliamentary History 30 (3): 414–27. doi:10.1111/j.1750-0206.2011.00276.x. 
  8. ^ Knights Mark (2005). “Occasional conformity and the representation of dissent: hypocrisy, sincerity, moderation and zeal”. Parliamentary History 24 (1): 41–57. doi:10.1111/j.1750-0206.2005.tb00401.x. 
  9. ^ Luban Daniel (2015). “Bernard Mandeville as Moralist and Materialist”. History of European Ideas 41 (7): 831–57. doi:10.1080/01916599.2015.1010777. 
  10. ^ Miller James (2014). “Rousseau and Montaigne”. Raritan 33 (4): 158–66. 
  11. ^ L.G. Mitchell, "The Whigs, the People, and Reform," Proceedings of the British Academy (1999), Vol. 85, pp. 25–41
  12. ^ Paul Langford, "The English as Reformers: Foreign Visitors' Impressions, 1750–1850" Proceedings of the British Academy (1999), Vol. 85, pp. 101–19.
  13. ^ Mizuno Takeya (2013). “An Enemy's Talk of 'Justice'”. Journalism History 39 (2): 94. 
  14. ^ Thomas P. Kasulis, "Hypocrisy in the Self-Understanding of Religions." in Inter-Religious Models and Criteria (Palgrave Macmillan, 1993) pp. 151–65.
  15. ^ Gospel of Luke 11:37–54 and Gospel of Matthew 23:1–36
  16. ^ Steve Mason, "Pharisaic Dominance Before 70 CE and the Gospels' Hypocrisy Charge (Matt 23: 2–3)." Harvard Theological Review 83#4 (1990): 363–81.
  17. ^ "What is the use of platted hair, O fool! what of the raiment of goat-skins? Within thee there is ravening, but the outside thou makest clean. The man who wears dirty raiments, who is emaciated and covered with veins, who lives alone in the forest, and meditates, him I call indeed a Brâhmana. I do not call a man a Brâhmana because of his origin or of his mother. He is indeed arrogant, and he is wealthy: but the poor, who is free from all attachments, him I call indeed a Brâhmana. Dhammapada 394–96, Translated from the Pâli by F. Max Müller
  18. ^ Christine Huda Dodge (2009). The Everything Understanding Islam Book: A complete guide to Muslim beliefs, practices, and culture. p. 96. ISBN 9781605507248. https://books.google.com/books?id=Hd5vHqdvp5kC&pg=PT96. 
  19. ^ "And of mankind are some who say, 'We believe in God and the Last Day,' when they believe not. They think to beguile God and those who believe, and they beguile none save themselves; but they perceive not. In their hearts is a disease, and God increases their disease. A painful doom is theirs because they lie. And when it is said to them, 'Make not mischief on the earth,' they say, 'We are only peacemakers.' Behold they are indeed the mischief-makers but they perceive not." Al-Baqara 8–12
  20. ^ Jung, 1966:5
  21. ^ Jung, 1966: par. 28
  22. ^ Alicke, M., E. Gordon, & D. Rose (2013). "Hypocrisy: What Counts?", Philosophical Psychology, 26(5), 673-701.
  23. ^ Fried, C.B. (1998). "Hypocrisy and Identification With Transgressions: A Case of Undetected Dissonance", 'Basic and Applied Social Psychology', 20(2), 145-154.
  24. ^ Stone, J., E. Aronson, A.L. Crain, M.P. Winslow, & C.B. Fried (1994). "Inducing Hypocrisy as a Means of Encouraging Young Adults to Use Condoms, 'Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin', 20(1), 116-128.
  25. ^ J.J. Jordan, R. Sommers, P. Bloom, & D.G. Rand (2017). "Why Do We Hate Hypocrites? Evidence for a Theory of False Signaling", 'Psychological Science' (28(3), 356-368.
  26. ^ Daryl Glaser (2006). “Does Hypocrisy Matter? The Case of U.S. Foreign Policy”. Review of International Studies 32 (2): 251–268. doi:10.1017/S0260210506007017. http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0260210506007017. 
  27. ^ R. Jay Wallace (2010). “Hypocrisy, Moral Address, and the Equal Standing of Persons”. Philosophy & Public Affairs 38 (4): 307–341. doi:10.1111/j.1088-4963.2010.01195.x. JSTOR 40926873. 
  28. ^ Eva Feder Kittay (1982). “On Hypocrisy”. Metaphilosophy 13 (3 & 4): 277–289. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9973.1982.tb00685.x. JSTOR 24435495. 
  29. ^ Ryle, Gilbert. The Concept of Mind. London: Hutchinson 1949, 173.
  30. ^ Dan Turner (1990). “Hypocrisy”. Metaphilosophy 21 (3): 262–269. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9973.1990.tb00528.x. 
  31. ^ Tillyris Demetris (2016). “The virtue of vice: a defence of hypocrisy in democratic politics”. Contemporary Politics 22 (1): 1–19. doi:10.1080/13569775.2015.1112958. http://create.canterbury.ac.uk/14938/1/14938.pdf. 
  32. ^ Gerson, "Trump's hypocrisy is good for America" (2016)





偽善者と同じ種類の言葉


英和和英テキスト翻訳>> Weblio翻訳
英語⇒日本語日本語⇒英語
  

辞書ショートカット

すべての辞書の索引

「偽善者」の関連用語

1
偽君子 国語辞典
100% |||||

2
食わせ物 国語辞典
100% |||||



5
32% |||||





10
14% |||||

偽善者のお隣キーワード

   

英語⇒日本語
日本語⇒英語
   
検索ランキング



偽善者のページの著作権
Weblio 辞書情報提供元は参加元一覧にて確認できます。

  
三省堂三省堂
Copyright (C) 2001-2020 Sanseido Co.,Ltd. All rights reserved.
株式会社 三省堂三省堂 Web Dictionary
日外アソシエーツ株式会社日外アソシエーツ株式会社
Copyright (C) 1994- Nichigai Associates, Inc., All rights reserved.
ウィキペディアウィキペディア
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.
この記事は、ウィキペディアの偽善 (改訂履歴)の記事を複製、再配布したものにあたり、GNU Free Documentation Licenseというライセンスの下で提供されています。 Weblio辞書に掲載されているウィキペディアの記事も、全てGNU Free Documentation Licenseの元に提供されております。

©2020 Weblio RSS