髄膜炎とは?

髄膜炎

Meningitis

【概要】 髄膜は脳や脊髄を包んでいる膜。一体となってつながっており、その空間脳脊髄液流れている。このスペース微生物が住み着いて炎症起こしたものが髄膜炎。 

【詳しく】 エイズではクリプトコッカスというカビ一種よるものが多い。次が結核性。慢性の頭痛悪心嘔吐微熱始まり意識障害に至る。脳脊髄液検査確定する。前者には抗真菌剤点滴内服後者には抗結核剤で治癒可能。

《参照》 脳脊髄液日和見感染症クリプトコッカス症


髄膜炎

【仮名】ずいまくえん
原文meningitis

髄膜(脳と脊髄を覆って保護している薄い3層組織)の炎症。髄膜炎の原因細菌感染ウイルス感染であるのが通常であるが、ときにはがん、薬物アレルギー炎症疾患などが原因となることもある。

髄膜炎

読み方ずいまくえん
【英】:meningitis

脳や脊髄表面をおおっている髄膜の炎症を指す。主に細菌ウイルス原因とし、腺疫リステリア症新生子馬レンサ球菌および大腸菌による敗血症などによって起こる。髄膜の炎症は、局所性腫脹脳脊髄への血液供給障害引き起こす急性髄膜炎では、突然発症神経症状に加えて発熱毒血症併発する。主な症状知覚過敏抑鬱、筋の拘縮震戦で、知覚消失および麻痺は、髄膜炎の部位から尾側進行する。 

髄膜炎

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2014/04/17 05:20 UTC 版)

髄膜炎とは、髄膜(および脊髄を覆う保護膜)に炎症が生じた状態である[1]。脳膜炎、脳脊髄膜炎ともいう。炎症はウイルス細菌をはじめとする微生物感染に起因し、薬品が原因となることもある[2]。髄膜炎は炎症部位と脳や脊髄との近接度合いによっては生命の危険があるため、救急疾患に分類される[1][3]


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