自制心とは? わかりやすく解説

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自制心


セルフコントロール

(自制心 から転送)

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2024/03/12 20:51 UTC 版)

セルフコントロール: Self-control)とは、抑制制御英語版の一側面であり、中核的な実行機能の1つである[1][2]実行機能英語版は、特定の目標を達成するために自らの行動を調整するのに必要な認知プロセス英語版である[1][2]。より独立して定義すると、セルフコントロールとは、誘惑や衝動に直面した際に、自らの感情、思考、行動を制御する能力のことを指す[3]。筋肉のようなものだと考えられており、セルフコントロールの行為は限られた資源を消費する。短期的には、セルフコントロールの過剰使用はその資源の枯渇につながる[4]。しかし、長期的には、セルフコントロールの使用は自制心を強化し、時間とともに自分自身をコントロールする能力を向上させることができる[3][5]


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  2. ^ a b “The relationship between self-control deficits and hoarding: a multimethod investigation across three samples”. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 122 (1): 13–25. (February 2013). doi:10.1037/a0029760. PMID 22924983. "Self-control is the capacity to exert control over one's behavior and is necessary for directing personal behavior toward achieving goals." 
  3. ^ a b “Executive functions”. Annual Review of Psychology 64: 135–68. (2013). doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143750. PMC 4084861. PMID 23020641. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4084861/. 
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  5. ^ Muraven, Mark; Baumeister, Roy F.; Tice, Dianne M. (August 1999). “Longitudinal Improvement of Self-Regulation Through Practice: Building Self-Control Strength Through Repeated Exercise” (英語). The Journal of Social Psychology 139 (4): 446–457. doi:10.1080/00224549909598404. ISSN 0022-4545. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00224549909598404. 
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  9. ^ Matthew 26:40–43
  10. ^ Romans 7:14–20
  11. ^ アウグスティヌス. 告白. VIII.7 
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  25. ^ en:Template:multiref2
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  27. ^ “Exchange delays and impulsive choice in adult humans”. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 62 (2): 225–233. (September 1994). doi:10.1901/jeab.1994.62-225. PMC 1334459. PMID 7964366. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1334459/. 
  28. ^ “Token reinforcement, choice, and self-control in pigeons”. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 66 (1): 29–49. (July 1996). doi:10.1901/jeab.1996.66-29. PMC 1284552. PMID 8755699. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1284552/. 
  29. ^ a b c d Self-control: Waiting until tomorrow for what you want today.. Prentice-Hall, Inc. (1995). pp. 34–77 
  30. ^ “Self-control forecasts better psychosocial outcomes but faster epigenetic aging in low-SES youth”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112 (33): 10325–10330. (August 2015). Bibcode2015PNAS..11210325M. doi:10.1073/pnas.1505063112. PMC 4547243. PMID 26170291. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4547243/. 
  31. ^ “Can childhood self-control compensate for the health impact of social disadvantage? Results from two cohorts” (英語). European Health Psychologist: 787. (2017-12-31). ISSN 2225-6962. https://www.ehps.net/ehp/index.php/contents/article/view/2796. 
  32. ^ “The Paradox of Effort”. The Atlantic. (2015-07-16). https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/07/the-health-cost-of-upward-mobility/398486/ 2017年4月6日閲覧。. 
  33. ^ en:Template:multiref2
  34. ^ “The Kantian Capacity for Moral Self-Control: Abstraction at Two Levels”. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 102: 102–30. (2020). doi:10.1515/agph-2020-1004. 
  35. ^ ロイ・バウマイスター『意志力の科学』、渡会圭子訳、インターシフト、2013年、p.19。ISBN 978-4772695350
  36. ^ F., Baumeister, Roy (1994). Losing control : how and why people fail at self-regulation. Heatherton, Todd F., Tice, Dianne M.. San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 0120831406. OCLC 30594010. https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30594010 
  37. ^ Wolfe, Raymond N.; Johnson, Scott D. (1995-4). “Personality as a Predictor of College Performance” (英語). Educational and Psychological Measurement 55 (2): 177–185. doi:10.1177/0013164495055002002. ISSN 0013-1644. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0013164495055002002. 
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  39. ^ Moffitt, T. E.; Arseneault, L.; Belsky, D.; Dickson, N.; Hancox, R. J.; Harrington, H.; Houts, R.; Poulton, R. et al. (2011-02-15). “A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety” (英語). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (7): 2693–2698. doi:10.1073/pnas.1010076108. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 3041102. PMID 21262822. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1010076108. 
  40. ^ 境界性パーソナリティ障害(BPD)”. 2024年1月2日閲覧。
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  42. ^ a b “Images of desire: cognitive models of craving”. Memory 12 (4): 447–461. (July 2004). doi:10.1080/09658210444000061. PMID 15493072. 
  43. ^ The Psychology of BF Skinner. (2001). p. 174 
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  45. ^ a b c The Psychology of BF Skinner. (2001). p. 305 
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  48. ^ en:Template:multiref2
  49. ^ Depressants”. Foundation for a drug free world. 2024年3月12日閲覧。
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  51. ^ Walden Two.. Hackett Publishing. (1948) 
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  64. ^ en:Template:multiref2
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