カマストガリザメとは?

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カマストガリザメ

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 (2016/03/14 15:31 UTC 版)

カマストガリザメ Carcharhinus limbatusメジロザメ属に属するサメの一種。世界中の熱帯沿岸の海・汽水に生息。2つの系統の存在が分かっており、西大西洋の個体群はその他から区別される。頑丈な流線型の体、尖った吻、鰓裂が長く、背鰭間に隆起はない。多くの個体で鰭の先端は黒い。全長1.5m。


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  7. ^ Naylor, G.J.; Caira, J.N.; Jensen, K.; Rosana, K.A.; Straube, N.; Lakner, C. (2012). “Elasmobranch phylogeny: A mitochondrial estimate based on 595 species”. In Carrier, J.C.; Musick, J.A.; Heithaus, M.R., eds. The Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives (second ed.). CRC Press. pp. 31–57. ISBN 1-4398-3924-7. http://prosper.cofc.edu/~sharkevolution/pdfs/Naylor_et_al_Carrier%20Chapter%202.pdf. 
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  9. ^ Benson. R.N., ed (1998). Geology and Paleontology of the Lower Miocene Pollack Farm Fossil Site, Delaware: Delaware Geological Survey Special Publication No. 21. Delaware Natural History Survey. pp. 133–139. 
  10. ^ Brown, R.C. (2008). Florida's Fossils: Guide to Location, Identification, and Enjoyment (third ed.). Pineapple Press Inc. p. 100. ISBN 1561644099. 
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  15. ^ Bullard, S.A., Frasca, A. (Jr.) and Benz, G.W. (June 2000). “Skin Lesions Caused by Dermophthirius penneri (Monogenea: Microbothriidae) on Wild-Caught Blacktip Sharks (Carcharhinus limbatus)”. Journal of Parasitology 86 (3): 618–622. doi:10.1645/0022-3395(2000)086[0618:SLCBDP]2.0.CO;2. 
  16. ^ Bullard, S.A., Benz, G.W. and Braswell, J.S. (2000). “Dionchus postoncomiracidia (Monogenea: Dionchidae) from the skin of blacktip sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus (Carcharhinidae)”. Journal of Parasitology (86): 245–250. 
  17. ^ Rosa-Molinar, E. and Williams, C.S. (1983). “Larval nematodes (Philometridae) in granulomas in ovaries of blacktip sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus (Valenciennes)”. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 19 (3): 275–277. doi:10.7589/0090-3558-19.3.275. PMID 6644926. 
  18. ^ Riner, E.K. and Brijnnschweiler, J.M. (2003). “Do sharksuckers, Echeneis naucrates, induce jump behaviour in blacktip sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus?”. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 36 (2): 111–113. doi:10.1080/1023624031000119584. 
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  21. ^ a b c Barry, K.P. (2002). Feeding habits of blacktip sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus, and Atlantic sharpnose sharks, Rhizoprionodon terraenovae, in Louisiana coastal waters. MS thesis, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
  22. ^ Dudley, S.F.J. and Cliff, G. (1993). “Sharks caught in the protective gill nets off Natal, South Africa. 7. The blacktip shark Carcharhinus limbatus (Valenciennes)”. African Journal of Marine Science 13: 237–254. 
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  24. ^ Bornatowski, H. (2008). “A parturition and nursery area for Carcharhinus limbatus (Elasmobranchii, Carcharhinidae) off the coast of Paraná, Brazil”. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography 56 (4): 317–319. 
  25. ^ Keeney, D.B., Heupel, M.R., Hueter, R.E. and Heist, E.J. (2005). “Microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA analyses of the genetic structure of blacktip shark (Carcharhinus limbatus) nurseries in the northwestern Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Sea”. Molecular Ecology 14 (7): 1911–1923. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02549.x. PMID 15910315. 
  26. ^ a b c Capapé, C.H., Seck, A.A., Diatta, Y., Reynaud, C.H., Hemida, F. and Zaouali, J. (2004). “Reproductive biology of the blacktip shark, Carcharhinus limbatus (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae) off West and North African Coasts”. Cybium 28 (4): 275–284. 
  27. ^ Heupel, M.R. and Simpfendorfer, C.A. (2002). “Estimation of mortality of juvenile blacktip sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus, within a nursery area using telemetry data”. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59 (4): 624–632. doi:10.1139/f02-036. 
  28. ^ a b c Branstetter, S. (Dec. 9, 1987). “Age and Growth Estimates for Blacktip, Carcharhinus limbatus, and Spinner, C. brevipinna, Sharks from the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico”. Copeia (American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists) 1987 (4): 964–974. doi:10.2307/1445560. JSTOR 1445560. 
  29. ^ a b c d Fowler, S.L., Cavanagh, R.D., Camhi, M., Burgess, G.H., Cailliet, G.M., Fordham, S.V., Simpfendorfer, C.A. and Musick, J.A. (2005). Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras: The Status of the Chondrichthyan Fishes. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. pp. 106–109, 293–295. ISBN 2831707005. 
  30. ^ a b Killam, K.A. and Parsons, G.R. (May 1989). “Age and Growth of the Blacktip Shark, Carcharhinus limbatus, near Tampa Bay”. Florida Fishery Bulletin 87: 845–857. 
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  32. ^ Chapman, D.D., Firchau, B. and Shivji, M.S. (2008). “Parthenogenesis in a large-bodied requiem shark, the blacktip Carcharhinus limbatus”. Journal of Fish Biology 73: 1473–1477. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.02018.x. 
  33. ^ ISAF Statistics on Attacking Species of Shark. International Shark Attack File, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida. Retrieved on April 22, 2009.


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